About Slaves

Slave is a person who was owned by another person and had to work for him/her. They did not have freedoms. No choice, not enough food and no salary (salary is like not paying). They just had to work all the time. Even if the slaves were sick, the owner of the slave did not care. Instead of giving a break the master kicked, hit, whipped and did other horrible things. Even if they were the same person one person could have used the other person as a object or a pet. The worst thing is that they sold the people like an object! There was a shop where you can buy the slaves. Slaves were considered property; they had no rights and were subject to their owners.

Who have started the slavery?

1) According to the reports of the first Europeans to visit the New World, slavery was almost universal in what is now Mexico and Central America.
2)Nobody have started the slavery. It has been a part of the human condition since cave man days. First the Africans were brought to the English colony in 1619. A Dutch slave ship which had been truing to get to Spanish territory got blown off course and put in at Jamestown. They sold their human cargo there. The English settlers did not actually enslave those Africans. Instead they made indenture servants of them and when their indentures were up the Africans were given land and tools just like any English indentured servant. History of slaves in United states from 1619 to 1865, the people of African decent were legally enslaved within the boundaries of the present United States. India slaves was widely practised as well. Especially in 17th century ad as late as 1867. The economy of the early country was made possible in large part by the free labour afforded by slavery. Over a half million Africans were brought over from Africa during the slave trade, but because laws made the offspring of slaves as slaves, the slave population in the United States grew to 4 million by the 1860 Census.

Ancient Rome

external image romeslaves1.jpgexternal image romeslaves2.jpg
WHEN THE ROMANS CONQUERED THE MEDITERRANEAN, THEY TOOK MILLIONS OF SLAVES TO ITALY. Where they toiled on the large plantations or in the houses and work place of wealthy citizens.
Italian economy depended on abundant slave labour. with the slave constituting 40 percent % of the population
Enslaved people with talent, skill, or beauty commanded the highest prices, and many served as singers, scribes, jewellers, bartenders, and even doctors. One slave trained in medicine was worth the price of 50 agricultural slaves. Masters often freed loyal slaves in gratitude for their faithful service, but slaves could also save money to purchase their freedom. Conditions for slaves in Rome gradually improved, although slaves were treated cruelly in the countryside. Some harsh masters believed in the old proverb "Every slave is an enemy," so that while humane legislation prohibited the mutilation or murder of slaves. Like the Stoic philosophers, Christians taught the brotherhood of humanity and urged kindness towards slaves, but they did not consider slaves equals in status.

Roman Empire

Slavery in the Roman Empire did not suddenly end, but it was slowly replaced when new economic forces introduced other forms of cheap labour. During the late empire, Roman farmers and traders were reluctant to pay large amounts of money for slaves because they did not wish to invest in a declining economy. The legal status of "slave" continued for centuries, but slaves were gradually replaced by wage labourers in the towns and by land-bound peasants (later called serfs) in the countryside. These types of workers provided cheap labour without the initial cost that slave owners had to pay for slaves. Slavery did not disappear in Rome because of human reform or religious principle, but because the Romans found another, perhaps even harsher, system of labour.